Bone structure bone tissue consists of two types within the same specific bone, eg, a vertebra of the spinal column: trabecular (cancellous) and cortical (compact) trabecular tissue is the more metabolically active because it has about eight to 10 times more total surface area than cortical tissue, and these surfaces are all largely covered. Bone marrow is the soft, flexible connective tissue within bone cavities a component of the lymphatic system , bone marrow functions primarily to produce blood cells and to store fat bone marrow is highly vascular, meaning that it is richly supplied with a large number of blood vessels. Abstract bone tissue is continuously remodeled through the concerted actions of bone cells, which include bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone formation by osteoblasts, whereas osteocytes act as mechanosensors and orchestrators of the bone remodeling process.
Structure, type, and location of cartilage cartilage is an avascular, flexible connective tissue located throughout the body that provides support and cushioning for adjacent tissues. Cancellous bone makes up only 20 percent of the body's bone mass, but it has a much higher surface area because of its higher porosity and honeycomb structure, according to the university of cambridge. Bones and bone tissues chapter 6 introduction one of the most remarkable tissues of the human body far from inert and lifeless, bones are living, dynamic structures bones serve a wide variety of very diverse functions within us noted for their strength and resiliency during life, bones will remain after we are long gone skeletal cartilages section i skeletal cartilages initially our skeleton. This is because the composition of bone mineral is much more complex and contains additional ions such as silicon, carbonate and zinc cartilage is a collagen-based tissue containing very large protein-polysaccharide molecules that form a gel in which the collagen fibres are entangled.
Bone and cartilage are types of connective tissues in the body a bone is hard tissue that forms the skeletal structure of the body cartilage, by comparison, is not as hard and rigid as bone, and is present in areas of the body like the ear, nose, and joints in the joints of the body, cartilage. Bone cells anatomy bone tissue contains five basic types of bone cellsthere are cells which are responsible for the response of the body to trauma and fracture, and those which secrete the basic chemical compound which bones are made of there are cells mature bone cells and cells that break down the bone tissue. In this section, we illustrate the anatomy and structure of bone tissue as the basis for studying tissue structure function and mechanically mediated tissue adaptation we first begin by describing the hierarchical levels of bone structure (anatomy) and then describe how these levels are constructed by bone cells removing and adding matrix. Transcript of bone structure and composition concept map bone structure and composition concept map bones are dense connective tissue that support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells and store minerals. Bone is a strong, flexible and semi-rigid supporting tissue it can withstand compression forces, and yet it can bend it can withstand compression forces, and yet it can bend like cartilage, and other types of connective tissue, bone is made up of cells and extracellular matrix .
Components of bone bone is a specialised form of connective tissue like any connective tissue, its components can be divided into cellular components and the extracellular matrix. Objectives - state the functions of the skeleton - identify and describe the structure and functions of the two types of bone tissue - relate the chemical composition of bone to its physical properties and functions - classify bones according to their shapes or their relative proportion of the two types of bone tissues. Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue that contains lots of calcium and phosphorous salts about 25% of bone tissue is water, another 25% is made up of protein fibers like collagen the other 50% of bone tissue is a mixture of mineral salts, primarily calcium and phosphorous. Bone tissue (osseous tissue) is a hard tissue, a type of dense connective tissueit has a honeycomb-like matrix internally, which helps to give the bone rigidity bone tissue is made up of different types of bone cells osteoblasts and osteocytes are involved in the formation and mineralization of bone osteoclasts are involved in the resorption of bone tissue.
The two types of bone tissue, also known as osseous tissue, are spongy and compact compact bone is dense, smooth and defines the exterior shapes of bones spongy bone has an asymmetrical, honeycomb-like structure that lines the longer bones and fills the bulky areas of bones. Cartilage and bone: basic structure cartilage and bone are both modified rigid forms of connective tissue, which was covered in the topic on tissue types connective tissue has two main consitutents - cells and extracellular material as discussed in the section on connective tissue the extracellular material determines the physical properties of the supporting tissue. The structure of the ca–p solid phase in bone was first identified by dejong in 1926 as a crystalline calcium phosphate similar to geological apatite by chemical analyses and, most importantly, by x-ray diffraction  the x-ray diffraction data was confirmed a few years later  these findings. Bone connective tissue provides structural support for other tissues such as our muscles and skin it's a little strange to think of bone as a living tissue, but that's exactly what it is.
Covers outer surfaces of bones and consist of outer fibrous and inner cellular layers, is a characteristic of what part of bone (osseous) tissue periosteum helps isolate bone and ties collagen fibers of bone directly into attached connective tissue (tendons/ligaments) is a charateristic of part of bone (osseous) tissue. The structure of a long bone allows for the best visualization of all of the parts of a bone () a long bone has two parts: the diaphysis and the epiphysis the diaphysis is the tubular shaft that runs between the proximal and distal ends of the bone. Ο explain why bone tissue is classified as a connective tissue ο describe the cellular composition of bone tissue and the functions of each type of cell ο compare the structural and functional differences between compact and spongy bone tissue.
Basic functions of bone bone is the basic unit of the human skeletal system and provides the framework for and bears the weight of the body, protects the vital organs, supports mechanical movement, hosts hematopoietic cells, and maintains iron homeostasis an image depicting a growth plate can be seen below. Haemopoietic tissues refer to the tissues that produce blood the earliest haemopoietic tissue to develop is the yolk sac, which also functions in the transfer of yolk nutrients of the embryo in the foetus, blood cells are produced by the bone marrow, liver, spleen and thymus. Bone tissue - anatomy & physiology revision about the structure and functions of human tissue types bone tissue, also called osseous tissue, is classified as either compact bone, or spongy bone depending on how the bone matrix and cells are organized functions of bone tissue are listed below.